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A FIELD TRIP REPORT CARRIED OUT IN LIMBE

A FIELD TRIP REPORT CARRIED OUT IN LIMBE

                       A FIELD TRIP REPORT CARRIED OUT IN LIMBE

Introduction

Our second field work was carried in Limbe on the 30th of May 2017. Limbe is a town in the south west region of Cameroon, formerly known as Victoria from 1858 to 1982. History says this town was founded in 1858 by the British located on the southern slopes of mount Cameroon. The population census of 2005, says the population of Limbe was 84,223 thousand inhabitant. Limbe is fondly called Town of friendship because of it touristic potentials. Her elevation is 150m that is about (490ft) above sea level. The field work was carried out by Mr Njumbe Peter Salle the executive director of ABiRSD and a student on internship Gifiang Earnes Nsakor.

This study was conducted in coastal villages of the SWR of Cameroon. The coastal border of the SWR falls along the Gulf of Guinea in Western Africa. Its climate zone is characterized as ranging from maritime to equatorial type and is locally influenced by the presence of Mount Cameroon, the highest peak in West-Central Africa. The average precipitation reaches about 10,000 mm per year in Debuncha, while temperatures averages range from 25.5°C to 27°C during the rainy months and can reach 32–35°C during the hottest months from November to December (Neba 1987 Neba, AS. 1987. Modern geography of the Republic of Cameroon, 2nd, London, UK: Longman. Study sites were selected based on their importance as fish landings and/or the presence of mangrove wood use activities. Field sites located in Limbe in the Fako Division the Creeks and Kangue which are located about 30–35 km south of Buea, the administrative capital of the region. These sites are 2 of the 34 fishing sites located within or adjacent to the 19,000 ha of mangrove forests in the Fako administrative head. Two other sites, Bekerry and Bessengue, are located in Ndian and are 85–93 km southwest of Buea. They are among local fishing sites located within the 101,500 ha of mangrove forests that occur in the Ndian administrative head. Coastal fishing and related activities are the major economic activities in the region and the intensity of fish landings dictates the pace at which other economic activities are able to flourish in the study sites. The main objective of the field visit is to investigate activities carried out at coast of LImbe.

Materials used include GPS to collect data and coordinates of major points of activities. Writing materials such as pens, exercise books, cameras to collect pictures and recording instruments to have relevant information were used. Also questionnaires, semi-interview and observation were used to enable people to provide some relevant or additional information.  

Major Activities carried out:

GPS coordinates of major sites of activities

 

Latitude

Longitude

Altitude (m)

Fish market

03º59.946´

009º12.639´

17

Wood for sale

03º59.945´

009º12.651´

8

Boat construction

03º59.927´

009º12.639´

7

Business centre

04º00.155´

009º12.630´

3

Transportation centre

03º59.975´

009º12.640´

5

 

Fishing:

The marine fisheries are divided into two major sectors:

a.       The artisanal fishery operating in the creeks, estuaries and shallow inshore waters within a depth of 25 m and above the thermocline, dominated by white fish.

b.      The industrial fishery (trawlers/shrimpers) exploiting the deeper waters beyond the 25 m depth, that is beyond the thermocline, an area dominated by red fish (mostly demersal fish).

It is noted that fair progress has been made in the collection of fishery statistics, but there are still a lot of information gaps on landings by artisanal fishing boats, as well as on by-catch of shrimpers and finfish trawlers. There is a need to update the inventory of all types of canoes, number of fishermen, fishing gears and landing sites along the entire coast of Cameroon. Additionally, it is necessary to revise the inventory of all industrial fishing vessels, indicating nationality of vessel, type of boat, horsepower, overall length, Gross Registered Tonnage (GRT) as well as fishing gear characteristics and fishing grounds. Catch data on the artisanal fisheries are not yet adequate; but total artisanal annual catch is estimated to be 55 000 t of which bonga/Sardinella, white shrimp and demersal fish contribute 58%, 27% and 15% respectively. As concern Income generated by fishing activities, the annual average turnover of smoker in Limbe is 2,531,300FCFA, which gives a profit margin of 438,000FCFA. A fresh fish fishmonger earns a little more with an average turnover of 3,220,000CFA a year.


Harvesting of wood:

Wood harvesting is an important source of income and a direct threat to mangrove forests at coast of Cameroon. To understand the effects of this activity on mangrove ecology, it is necessary to assess harvesting practices of local communities. Surveys, focus group discussions were used for the assessments. Mangroves in the studied sites were dominated by Rhizophora racemosa. The current harvesting style is characterized by a larger working area but closer to home and more seasonal, intensive harvesting of smaller trees. This enhances mangrove ecosystem degradation, because of the catalytic harvesting practices. Mangrove forests are crucial not only as unique ecosystems with their own inherent qualities, but also for the support they provide to other biologically diverse ecosystems, including humans. Mangroves provide a range of ecosystem services, including providing nursery for fish species, controlling water chemistry in estuaries and coastal zones and protecting human and natural habitats from floods and climate disasters.

Boats and canoes construction

Building boats is a gratifying project. Pile of boards or sheets of plywood and in a short amount of time you have a vessel that will take you to places. Wooden boat building is one of the few projects the average person working in their workshop can make their own mode of transportation. Wood used in the construction include: cam-wood, mahogany, iroko and mangrove. The tools required to build a canoe are minimal. Some simple hand tools and small power tools are usually enough. A canoe is a lightweight narrow watercraft, typically pointed at both ends and open on top. It is propelled by one or more seated or kneeling paddlers facing the direction of travel using a single-bladed paddle.  Canoes are used for racing, touring and camping and general recreation. The intended use of the canoe dictates its hull shape and length and construction material. Historically, canoes were dugouts or made of bark of a wood frame. Most modern canoes are made of molded plastic or composites such as fiberglass. Until the mid-1800s the canoe was an important means of transport for exploration and trade, but then transitioned to recreational or sporting use. Canoeing has been part of the Olympics since 1936. In places where the canoe played a key role in history, such as when used by explorer, missionaries and slave trade.

Transport

At several points along the coast of Limbe you can travel by boat, either on a large passenger vessel or by local canoe. Some of the local canoe trips are definitely of the informal variety, and many are dangerous.  At the coast of Limbe, pirogues (larger motorised boats, carrying cargo and anything from 10 to 100 passengers) serve towns and villages along the way. Boats or canoes leave the coast of limbe to Nigeria, Equatorial Guinea and neighboring villages. During the journey you will be able to use something to protect yourself from the sun, as few boats have any shade, and something to waterproof their gears. Most often the boats are overloaded, or setting off when the weather is bad, especially on sea routes in coastal areas.

Conclusion

The coast of limbe is one of the sites in South West Region of Cameroon engaged in numerous lucrative activities such as fishing, boat construction, harvesting of wood, commerce and trade. These activities are the main source of income to the coastal people of limbe. This area is a major area of maritime transport to ease communication in and out of the country.

Recommendation

To help sustain mangroves in this region, further research on wood harvesting practices and implications for factors affecting growth is essential. To improve harvesting strategies, communities need to be provided with alternative sources of livelihood and educated on the values of mangroves and regeneration techniques.

Fishermen should be able to use fishing nets of reasonable size to avoid the catching of small and immature fishes.













Posted: 27th June, 2017 | 105 views

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Contact Us
Head Office 
============================
Office Address: Buea 
Office Numbers: (+237) 675 304 231
Email: info@abirsd.org
Website: www.abirsd.org
============================

President / Chief Executive Officer
Name: Mr. Njumbe Peter Salle
Tel: (+237) 675 304 231
Email : petercoolpetercool@yahoo.co.uk / info@abirsd.org
skype: njumbe.salle
Website: www.abirsd.org

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Contact Us


Head Office 
============================
Office Address: Buea 
Office Numbers: (+237) 675 304 231
Email: info@abirsd.org
Website: www.abirsd.org
============================

President / Chief Executive Officer
Name: Mr. Njumbe Peter Salle
Tel: (+237) 675 304 231
Email : petercoolpetercool@yahoo.co.uk / info@abirsd.org
skype: njumbe.salle
Website: www.abirsd.org

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