Mount Cameroon, a paradise for Biological Species
Mount Cameroon is one of Africa's largest volcanoes, rising to 4,100 m above the coast of West Cameroon. It rises from the coast through tropical rainforest to a bare summit which is cold, windy, and occasionally brushed with snow. The Mountain has a large satellite peak called Etinde (also known as Little Mount Cameroon), is located on the southern flank near the coast. Mount Cameroon has the most frequent eruptions of any West African volcano. It covers a surface area of about 1750 km2. The top of Fako lies approximately 4°13”N and 9°10”E. Mount Cameroon is a part of a volcanic chain lying in a direction SW- NE of “The Cameroon Line”. The formation is made up of the Gulf of Guinea volcanic islands, the West Cameroon Region with volcanoes like Mt. Cameroon, Mt. Muanenguba, Mts. Bamboutos and Oku, the Tikar Plain with ancient volcanic masses. Mt. Cameroon Region in southwest Cameroon is one of the World Biodiversity Hot Spots, which means its harbours one of the highest biodiversity in the world. These are not only different vegetation zones, but also a home for various unique plants (e.g. medicinal like Prunus Africana) and animal species living only under particular conditions, which can be met here. Mt. Cameroon Region is a home for many big animal species. Because of human pressure they are becoming rare but at the moment it is still possible to meet them here. In the tropical rainforest around the mountain slopes tourists will find a wide variety of birds, butterflies and insects. Big animals include: Forest Elephant, White Collared Mangabey, Chimpanzee, Greater White Nosed Monkey, Drill, Preuss Monkey , Western Bushbuck , Western Bush Pig , Western Sitatunga, African Civet, Ogilby Duiker, Blue Duiker, Giant Pangolin etc others include; Cameroon Mountain Francolin (endemic species), Splendid Sunbird, Black Kite, Allied Hornbill, Pigmy Kingfisher, Pin Tailed Whydah, Blue Turaco Eagle, Uncountable lizards and chameleons. Due to it rich biodiversity species Mt Cameroon was designated a National park in 2010 to conserve these species.
Field trip was organized between 18th to 24 of July 2016 in Mount Fako at Bomana and Kotto 2 Stretch. However activity programmed during the trip include: Biological survey of animal species.The aim of the field visit was to carry out animal survey around the Bomana Kotto 2 stretch of forest in Mount Cameroon. A two day study was undertaken around the Bomana-Kotto stretch of Mount Cameroon. During the study animal species were identified through biological survey and group discussion. From our field findings, this area is an important site for elephants and amphibians of different species. Various elephant signs such as feedings signs, elephant dung and elephant trails were identified. Also frog species were identified in swamps found in Bomana.
The Bomana Kotto stretch falls within an altitude of 550m is noted for important wildlife species such as the mountain elephants. This area seems to be a buffer zone. That is found between the protected areas and village communities and farm lands. Elephants feed on cocoa, plantains, coco-yams and leaves. Animals usually come to this area in search of food. The pictures taken from the field is clear proof of elephant activities around this part of the Mountain.
of elephant around the Bomana Kotto stretch of Mount Cameroon.
Elephant foot print
Elephant visited a plantain farm in Bomana Kotto stretch
Empty cocoa pots and elephant dung Elephant feeds on back of a tree
Tree Frog (Critically Endangered)